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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 95-105

Echocardiographic evaluation of pulmonary hypertension

Shri Krishna Hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rajesh Krishnachandra Shah
Shri Krishna Hospital, Aurangabad - 431 001, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jiae.jiae_6_18

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Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is the end result of nearly all cardiac and some noncardiac conditions. It is an important marker of mortality and morbidity. It is also the deciding factor in the management of the etiological conditions, such as the timing of surgery in valvular heart disease, follow-up of pulmonary arterial hypertension, diuretic therapy for diastolic dysfunction, and so on. To add to the problems, early signs and symptoms are nonspecific, and so the diagnosis is attained at a later and advanced stage. Although clinical evaluation is always essential, echocardiography is now the main tool for the evaluation of PH. The aims of echocardiography in PH are: (1) to identify the etiology, (2) assess the effects of PH on the right ventricle, (3) estimation of the severity of the PH, (4) monitoring the progression and therapeutic response in PH, and finally (5) predicting the prognosis. It is hence very important that one measures the pulmonary pressures accurately for proper patient management. The aim of this article is to provide a detailed information of the different parameters of PH in the different echocardiographic views and the technique of measuring these parameters.

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