|Year : 2018 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 137-138
Isolated hypertrophy of the left ventricular papillary muscles
Sita Ram Mittal
Department of Cardiology, Mittal Hospital and Research Centre, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
|Date of Web Publication||6-Sep-2018|
Dr. Sita Ram Mittal
11/101, Brahmpuri, Kutchery Road, Ajmer, Rajasthan
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Mittal SR. Isolated hypertrophy of the left ventricular papillary muscles. J Indian Acad Echocardiogr Cardiovasc Imaging 2018;2:137-8
|How to cite this URL:|
Mittal SR. Isolated hypertrophy of the left ventricular papillary muscles. J Indian Acad Echocardiogr Cardiovasc Imaging [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Feb 16];2:137-8. Available from: http://www.jiaecho.org/text.asp?2018/2/2/137/240639
Isolated hypertrophy of the papillary muscles is a rare echocardiographic finding with isolated case reports. Here, we report such a case.
A 20-year-old male presented with atypical chest pain. There was no history of breathlessness or syncope. His family history was not relevant. Clinical examination was normal. Electrocardiogram was unremarkable [Figure 1]. Skiagram of the chest was normal. Echocardiographic examination revealed isolated hypertrophy of both papillary muscles of the left ventricle [Figure 2]a and [Figure 2]b. Maximum end diastolic ventricular wall thickness was 10 mm at the interventricular septum in the parasternal short-axis view. Left ventricular systolic and diastolic functions were normal. There was no intraventricular or left ventricular outflow tract gradient. Color Doppler evaluation revealed mild eccentric mitral regurgitation [Figure 3]. Laboratory examination did not reveal any abnormality. The patient responded to analgesics. He refused for any further evaluation including genetic testing. First-degree relatives were asymptomatic and did not agree for screening.
|Figure 2: (a) Apical four-chamber view showing hypertrophied papillary muscle. (b) Short-axis view showing hypertrophied papillary muscles. LV: Left ventricle, PM: Papillary muscle|
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|Figure 3: Color Doppler evaluation in apical four-chamber view showing hypertrophied papillary muscle and mild eccentric mitral regurgitation. RV: Right ventricle, RA: Right atrium, LA: Left atrium, LV: Left ventricle, PM: Papillary muscle, MR: Mitral regurgitation|
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Isolated papillary muscle hypertrophy is a rare echocardiographic finding. Exact etiopathogenesis and clinical significance are not known. Some authors have postulated that it could be a variant of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.,, Increased left precordial voltage and/or nonspecific T-wave inversion has been reported in some cases. Cardiac magnetic resonance is more sensitive in the precise evaluation of the papillary muscles. More studies are needed to better understand this entity.
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[Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3]