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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 106-111

Reversible cardiomyopathies


Department of Cardiology, Focus Clinics, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anjaneyulu V Anne
Focus Clinics, Panjagutta, Hyderabad, Telangana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jiae.jiae_85_17

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Cardiac muscle dysfunction resulting in heart failure can be reversed with appropriate diagnosis and therapy in nearly 25%8211;50% of all nonischemic cardiomyopathies. Diverse etiologies such as congenital, metabolic, toxic, infective, inflammatory, infiltrative, stress induced, and arrhythmia induced can cause myocardial dysfunction which can be restored to normal. All morphologic types including dilated, hypertrophic, and restrictive cardiomyopathies can have an underlying reversible cause. Imaging modalities such as echocardiography, cardiac computed tomography (CT), positron-emission tomography-CT, and cardiac magnetic resonance along with appropriate biochemical tests can help diagnose these varied etiologies. Recognizing reversible myocardial dysfunction at an early stage of the disease helps avoid inappropriate prolonged therapy for heart failure and repeated hospital admissions and may result in a cure in a significant number of cases.


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